Transparent Checkpoint-Restart of Distributed Applications on Commodity Clusters

Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing (Cluster 2005), Boston, MA, September 27-30, 2005

Abstract

We have created ZapC, a novel system for transparent coordinated checkpoint-restart of distributed network ap- plications on commodity clusters. ZapC provides a thin virtualization layer on top of the operating system that de- couples a distributed application from dependencies on the cluster nodes on which it is executing. This decoupling en- ables ZapC to checkpoint an entire distributed application across all nodes in a coordinated manner such that it can be restarted from the checkpoint on a different set of cluster nodes at a later time. ZapC checkpoint-restart operations execute in parallel across different cluster nodes, provid- ing faster checkpoint-restart performance. ZapC uniquely supports network state in a transport protocol independent manner, including correctly saving and restoring socket and protocol state for both TCP and UDP connections. We have implemented a ZapC Linux prototype and demonstrate that it provides low virtualization overhead and fast checkpoint- restart times for distributed network applications without any application, library, kernel, or network protocol modi- fications.

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Columbia University Department of Computer Science